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Pengaruh Status Kesehatan Ibu terhadap Derajat Preeklampsia/Eklampsia di Kabupaten Gresik


Lilis Fatmawati
Agus Sulistyono
Hari Basuki Notobroto
2017

Abstract

Preeclampsia/eclampsia is one of the main causes of death in women, and the disease is unique in that it only occurs in pregnant women. The disease is known as "theoretical disease" because many theories explaining the causes of preeclampsia/eclampsia. Several risk factors have been identified to increase the risk preeclampsia/eclampsia. The incident of preeclampsia/eclampsia at Ibnu Sina District Public Hospital of Gresik increased in 2013 to 2015. The study aimed to determine the influence of maternal health to the degree of preeclampsia/eclampsia in Gresik. It was an analytical survey with a cross sectional design. Subjects consisted of 190 women with preeclampsia/ eclampsia and the number of samples taken was as many as 77 mothers, using simple random sampling. The variables were age, history of preeclampsia/eclampsia, descent, hypertension, and parity. Analysis of data was carried out using ordinal logistic regression. Data were obtained from interviews, medical records, and Maternal and Child Health (MCH) books. The influences a studies that there is significant descent (p=0,027), hypertension (p=0.001), and parity (p=0.000). The incidence of preeclampsia/eclampsia is affected by the descent, hypertension and parity. It suggests that the risk factors should be concerned by health professionals and mothers during pregnancy counseling.

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