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Mental Health Services Disability and Life Style of Indonesian


Yurika Fauzia Wardhani
Astridya Paramita
2016

Abstract

Background: Health is a state of body, soul, and socially to enable more people to live socially and economicallyproductive. In 2007 and 2013 Research and Development of the Ministry of Health conducted research which includesbasic health morbidity, disability, mental health and lifestyle. This study aims to get an overview of community disability thataffects their ability to perform economic and social measures. We hope this research may result in a recommendation fordecision makers about mental kesehatan services. Methods: This study is a further analysis of secondary data from theRiskesdas 2007 and 2013. Data were analyzed by descriptive and analytical / comparative. The population in this analysisare all household members in Indonesia, with large and sampling techniques follow Riskesdas samples which householdmembers aged > 15 years. Results: There is a percentage increase (5.8%) of respondents mental health status categoryof 'Healthy' (no emotional mental disorder) and the percentage decrease in all categories of mental disorders around 50.0percent in 2013. The highest severe emotional Mental Disorders in 2007 and 2013 were in women, who have divorcedmarital status dead / alive, residing in rural areas, or the end of the adult age group (> 60 years). Data processing resultsalso show that: 1) the higher the degree of disability and, 2) the more unfavorable lifestyle, the more severe mental disorders experienced emotional. This is supported by the results of tests Kendalls tau-b that there is a signifi cant association betweendisability and mental disorder (α = 0.000 < 0.5) and lifestyle with mental disorders (α = 0.000 < 0.5).Conclusion: Publicmental health status in the year 2013 has been better than in 2007. There has been an increase in mental health status,and there is a relationship between disability, lifestyle, mental health status. Recommendation: Promotion of mentaldisorders and persons with disabilities should be further improved and include the wider community, not only in cities butto remote perdesaan. Perlu provision of primary health care (health centers ODGJ care and disabilities and actively invitesthe public to maintain a healthy lifestyle through preventive-promotive activities.

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